This article in the New York times describes Chicago’s architecture as world famous. To show off this archectiture in the city, “the Chicago Architecture Foundation offers first-rate guided tours to help visitors understand what makes this city’s skyline so special.” The foundation offers walking, bike, boat, and bus tours to more than 60 architectural sites and environments in and around Chicago. One of the CAF’s most popular tours is the 1 1/2-hour Architecture River Cruise. I have personally been on this tour and it was aw dropping. The boat sails along both the north and the south branches of the Chicago River. Although you can see these 50 or so buildings by foot, traveling by water give you a unique perspective. The boat allows you to see buildings from a lower angle, because the river is below street level. Also, the boats let you see a different side of the buildings, and it allows you to feel captured by the beauty of the city. On the boat it lets you appreciate the old and modern architecture that Chicago has. Therefore, this boat ride down the river can display the history of the City while showing off modern architectural styles. I would highly recomment this or any boat tour down the river is for anyone interested in Chicago architecture or the city itself.
According to this time line, the Plans for the stadium begane in 1919, and was constructed by 1928, but was first opened on october 9th 1924. It was built of concrete faced with granite textured cash stone. The general design followed very similar architecture as in the Columbian Exposition. It followed ancient Greek and Roman architecture. The classic feature was the Doric colonmades that rose 100 feet above the playing field. The Chicago Bears started using the field in 1971. Then in 2002 they decided to remodel the stadium. The city of chicago, the Chicago Park District and an innovative architect and his firm created a world class state of the art stadium while leaving the famous columns.
Today Soldier Field stands in Chicago as an incredible display of innovative architecture. It will most likely be used and shown off to the world in the Olympic Games if they were brought to Chicago. Therefore, This field displays Chicago’s drive to continue to become a elite Global City.
The Sears Tower has been a Chicago landmark for almost 36. Over that time the Sears Tower has become the destination for millions of world tourists and a daily center of work and commerce for thousands of Chicagoans. This article describes the Sears Tower as having “served as a frequent backdrop to numerous groundbreaking films from Ferris Bueller’s Day Off (1986) to The Fugitive (1993), it has been scaled by such daring acrobats as Spider Dan (1981) and Alain “Spiderman” Robert (1998), it has been a highlight of media controversy in response to the CTBUH (1997), it has been a center of preparations for making Chicago HDTV capable (2000), it has been placed on the city’s list of focal points for protecting against terrorism (2003), and most recently it has been cited as a prospective new headquarters for the U.S. Olympic Committee (2008).” As well the building serves as a backdrop for any visitors to the city or metropolitian area, because it can be seen from miles and miles away.
It stands tall, over 1700 ft aloft. The Tower was designed in the 60’s by Bruce Graham. When the building was being constructed it was challenging two towers: the Aon Center and the World Trade center as the world’s tallest building. Therefore, this building shows Chicago commitment to putting Chicago at a status of an elite Global City.
This article describes the Daley center as being an “exceptional example of International Style architecture, based on the revolutionary steel and glass skyscapers of world-famous architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.” This building is known as being Chicago’s first major public building that was constructed in a modern style of architecture. This was very different then the the previos classical style of architecture. It has huge spans of steel framing, and expetional spatial flexibitlity. The building host a large plaza, which has a fount and a monumental sculpture by Pablo Picasso.
Clearly this building help spread the international style of architecture in the city. This helped advance the Modern movement, which gave Chicago more of an identity. At the same time, the sculpture and fountain in the plaza add to the city’s beauty. Lastly, the building was named after former Mayer Richard M. Daley after his death. Therefore building’s like the Daley Center are great for the city, because they push for innovation, art, and celebrate one of the most important people, former Mayor Daley, to the development of the city.
Many skyscrapers were created because of an original need for additional office space. Architects decided to build upward to satisfy the demand in urban areas so more people could take advantage of the resources that cities had to offer. One of the original towers created was the Monadnock building in Chicago, which still stands today at 15 stories, not high by today’s standards but was extreme for the time. Designed by Daniel Burnham and John Wellborn Root, this building was built with solid brick on the outer walls that was measured at six feet thick. Burnham and Root wanted to use metal instead of this thickness of brick but their clients did not trust this method. It was too extreme for the time period.
Eventually, Chicago architects began using office blocks with a skeleton entirely comprised of metal. Using metal for buildings faced a minor setback due to its expense at the time. Once steel became less expensive to produce and more widely available in the 1880’s, office towers began to grow taller and taller. The first architects to accept and visually accentuate this vertical character were Dankmar Adler and Louis Sullivan in Chicago. They began constructing 10 story buildings, which eventually grew larger. Later, Sullivan designed the Carson Pirie Scott department store building in Chicago which is now one of the most famous buildings in the city.
This type of architecture with the vertical character became known as the Chicago School. The main characteristic is the innovative steel-frame construction. Chicago School buildings have been praised as important precursors to 20th-century steel and glass skyscrapers. This construction made Chicago known as the birthplace of the first skyscraper. Therefore, this style of architecture that was invented in Chicago advanced the Modernism movement by aiding many of the skyscrapers designs created around the world.
Trump International Hotel and Tower ends a long drought since 1970 when the last skyscraper, Sears Tower, entered the Chicago scene. This article desribes this building as being able to make great use of its available space while creating another icon in the skyline. This building has 92 stories and will be completed in 2009, even though the hotel is already currently in use.
The Tower is located on magnificent Chicago River, and stand next to the Wrigley Building which is a Chicago Icon. Also the bulding will cost around $750,000,000 to construct, so its another clear example of Chicago continuely growing and expanding the city.
Chicago is working on brining another skyscraper to the city. This article states, “The city where the skyscraper was born just can’t get enough of these supertowers. The Chicago Spire is the latest in a series of super-tall projects proposed and erected since the mid 1990’s.” This building is being made by the Spanish architectural superstar Santiago Calatrava. Many people have tried to describe this building but they have found it is hard to categorize because it is so unique. The Spire will have 150 stories while the bottom 20 floors occupied by a hotel, while the rest of the building will be filled with 1,200 luxury condominiums.
It is stated by Fast Company Magazine, “[Santiago Calatrava] is redefining the form of the American skyscraper with his Chicago Spire”. So for obvious reasons this building will bring a whole new element to the city when it is finished in 2012. The building will be located next to Navy Pier which is between the Sears Tower and the John Hancock building, so it will completely alter the skyline. Therefore, this building is another example of Chicago continueing to grow and become a more dominant global city.
On August 6, 2006 New York Times posted an article on Millennium Park and explained the history behind it. Originally Grant Park was a place for Chicagoans to find the heart of the city’s culture. Now with the completion of Grant and Millennium Park twenty four acres the city can fully express the culture of the city. The article states, “both park spaces exemplify places of civic, public, and artistic activity and thereby represent changing ideas of the culture in Chicago.” Now with both parks completed, the area that was created many years ago is able to finally create a space of innovation for the city to build off of.