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Louis Sullivan was an archirect that helped set the stage for chicago architecture. This article states, “he produced some of the most important–and influential–structures in the history of American architecture”. His firm created was initially just residence and small commericial buildings but in the late 1880’s and early 1890’s his work expanded to starting to build skyscapers.

After his firm split up he built one of chicago’s most famous buildings that still stands today in the Carson Pirie Scott department store. This building was influenced by the movement known as Art Nouveau. In the corner there is a elaborately decorative cast iron which is to show people Sullivan’s love of detail. Above the first two floors, the design of the remaining twelve is a contrast in simplicity, with geometric windows evenly spaced within the structural steel skeleton.  This building is a considered a Chicago masterpience.

Sullivan ended up being the architect for many more buidlings inside the city. As a result he set a foundation for the city in the way the buildings in his era were constructed inside the city. His buildings took a basic format for how buildings were allowed to be constructed but added in a very creative component of art, which is seen through the detail inside of his buildings. In 1887 Frank Lloyd Wright, another very famous Chicago Architect, joined his firm. Sullivan immediately became Wright’s mentor as this article describes. It is known that having Sullivan around allowed Wright to form the basis of the Prairie School of Architecture. Sullivan’s philosophy was, “form follows function” which became on of the basic principles practiced by the Prairie School architects. Therefore, Louis Sullivan played a huge role in shaping the city of Chicago’s architecture.

– Jeremy


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